Making your website accessible for all your website visitors is a goal that you should meet as a website owner. There are website accessibility standards that will help you in this regard such as the WCAG website accessibility guidelines. These guidelines exist to provide the same access to websites online that people with disabilities will want to navigate. One of the most challenged individuals when accessing the web are the ones with visual impairments. There are common website accessibility barriers that these individuals face. These common issues comprise non-HTML content, layout, inaccurate or missing alt text, navigation, and headings. These barriers have been shown to affect the ability of people with disabilities to use to use relevant technology like screen readers.
What makes screen readers ideal for people with disabilities will have to be their specialized keyboard commands. They help provide information about text, folders, files, and icons one can find on the screen. You can find screen readers among all operating systems. Any text that you can see on a page can be read as parts or as a whole. The best way to comply with the standards of a screen reader is for websites to be designed in a way that website accessibility is being kept in mind. When it comes to technology providing support for people with disabilities, they are the ones that comes with accessibility-enabled and well-structured codes. If there are code errors or faulty codes, the technology and screen readers used will not serve their purpose.
For people with visual impairments, there are common website accessibility barriers that they deal with. Two of the key elements to ensuring a more accessible website for everyone, especially those with disabilities, are layout and headings. The use of web headings is vital for website visitors to know what they need on your page. Rather than aiming for decorative headings, you should go with a logical descending heading so that your web page will have more chances of being interpreted by individuals with disabilities correctly. The ability and complexity of screen readers vary when it comes to understanding HTML or CSS. Determining the sequence in which text is presented can be a challenge for many screen readers, which causes issues. The technology you find in screen readers is the reason why users will be able to look for certain text on screen since they don’t often go and read the entire web page. Keeping this fact in mind, HTML should be structured logically. Logical in the sense that reading must begin from top to bottom from the right side. You make your website compliant to screen reader technology when you follow this order.
When you have navigation, your website should allow the screen reader to skip them to make it more accessible. Moreover, using alternative tags and text for images is a must for people with disabilities to understand the content of the image.